Pilgrims arrive at a temporary camp ahead of the Maha Kumbh Mela in Allahabad . PTI Photo
Foreign devotees with an elephant ahead of the Maha Kumbh Mela in Allahabad. PTI Photo
Shree Panchayati Bada Akhara Udasin Sadhus perform 'Dharam Dwaz Sthapna' Ceremony ahead of the Maha Kumbh Mela in Allahabad. PTI Photo
Sadhus take out a religious procession 'Peshwi' as part of the Maha Kumbh festival in Allahabad. PTI Photo
Foreign devotees on the bank of river Ganga ahead of the Maha Kumbh Mela in Allahabad. PTI Photo
A Sadhu heavily clad with ornaments ahead of the Maha Kumbh Mela in Allahabad. PTI Photo
A sadhu balancing a steel pot on his head ahead of the Maha Kumbh festival in Allahabad. PTI Photo
Foreign devotees taking directions from a motorcyclist ahead of the Maha Kumbh Mela in Allahabad. AFP/Sanjay Kanojia
A Pujari perform aarti, a ritual in River Ganges, ahead of the Kumbh mela in Allahabad. HT/Sheeraz Rizvi
A procession of around 100 million devotees, from gurus to worshippers completing rituals, will stream into the river Ganges next week for the world's biggest festival, Kumbh Mela.
The Kumbh Mela, starting on Monday and stretching over 55 days, attracts holy men who run into the frigid waters, a smattering of international celebrities, as well as millions upon millions of Indians.
In every three years it provides a unique spectacle of colour, noise and Hindu religious devotion, particularly on what are deemed to be the most auspicious bathing days.
Worshippers, who believe a dip in the holy waters cleanses them of their sins, have already begun arriving in the host town of Allahabad and millions more are on their way, heading for makeshift accommodation and campsites.
"The biggest challenge for us is to ensure that we are able to provide an opportunity to each and every person to bathe on the auspicious days without any stampede," Devesh Chaturvedi, a top Allahabad administrator, told AFP.
The scale of the organisation required for a festival that was marred by 45 deaths in a crush in 2003, when it was held in Nasik, is staggering.
Allahabad, at the confluence of the rivers Yamuna and Ganges in Uttar Pradesh, last hosted the festival in 2001 when an estimated 110 million pilgrims passed through without any accident.
Organisers are preparing to receive just as many people this time, with an average influx of around two million a day.
A total of 12,000 police officers will be deployed, while organisers have set up 35,000 toilets, 14 medical centres, 22,000 street lights, 150 kilometres of temporary roads, 18 bridges, and new sewage facilities.
"This is also the first time that we are using technology in our security operations," added Chaturvedi. "We have installed closed circuit cameras at strategic locations."
Nearly 7,000 buses and 750 trains are expected to ferry people to and from the main bathing area, where three giant "ghats" have been built enabling visitors to walk down steps into the sacred but heavily polluted water.
Many drink it, while others bottle it and take it home as a memento for relatives.
The biggest bathing days in 2013 will be January 14, January 27, February 10, February 25 and March 10.
The biggest day of all, when 20 million people are anticipated, will be "Basant Panchami" on February 15.
Companies along the banks of the Ganges and its tributaries, including the severely polluted Yamuna which flows through New Delhi, have been warned not to violate the routinely flouted pollution rules and reservoirs upstream will be opened in an attempt to dilute the dirty river water.
At the festival site itself, plastic bags have been banned and pilgrims will be asked not to use soap while bathing, as well as refraining from throwing religious waste such as garlands and incense sticks into the river.
This year's celebrity attendees are led by British actress Catherine Zeta-Jones who is reportedly eager to follow in the footsteps of previous festival-goers Madonna, Pierce Brosnan and Sharon Stone.
Kumbh Mela has its origins in Hindu mythology which tells how a few drops from a pitcher containing the nectar of immortality are said to have fallen during a fight between gods and demons on the four locations across India which host the festival -- Allahabad, Nasik, Ujjain and Haridwar.
The only other religious festival to rival the Kumbh Mela in size is the hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia, one of the five pillars of Islam which must be performed at least once in a lifetime by all Muslims who are able to do so.
In 2012, it drew 3.1 million people.