India's cyclone season runs from April to December, with severe storms often causing dozens of deaths, evacuations of tens of thousands of people from low-lying villages and wide damage to crops and property.
The actions that need to be taken in the event of a cyclone threat can broadly be divided into four classes, viz., (i) immediately before the cyclone season; (ii) when cyclone alerts and warnings are on; (iii) when evacuations are advised; and (iv) when the cyclone has crossed the coast
Before the Cyclone season:
# Check the house; secure loose tiles, carry out repair works for doors and windows
# Remove dead woods or dying trees close to the house; anchor removable objects like
lumber piles, loose tin sheds, loose bricks, garbage cans, sign-boards etc. which can fly in
# Keep some wooden boards ready so that glass windows can be boarded if needed
# Keep a hurricane lantern filled with kerosene, battery operated torches and enough dry cells
# Demolish condemned buildings
# Keep some extra batteries for transistors
# Keep some dry non-perishable food always ready for emergency use
When cyclone alerts and warnings are on
#Be sure that a window and door can be opened only on the side opposite to the one facing the wind
# Make provision for children and adults requiring special diets
# If the centre of the cyclone is passing directly over your house there will be a lull in the wind and rain lasting for half and hour or so. During this time do not go out; because immediately after that very strong winds will blow from the opposite direction
# Switch off electrical mains in your house
# Remain calm.
When evacuation is instructed
# Pack essentials for yourself and your family to last you a few days, including medicines,
special foods for babies and children or elders.
# Head for the proper shelter or evacuation points indicated for your area
# Do not worry about your property
# At the shelter follow instructions of the person in charge
# Remain in the shelter until you have been informed to leave
# You should remain in the shelter until informed that you can return to your home.
# You must get inoculated against diseases immediately.
# Strictly avoid any loose and dangling wires from the lamp posts.
# If you are to drive, drive carefully.
# Clear debris from your premises immediately.
# Report the correct loss to appropriate authorities.
(Sourced from: National Disaster Management Authority, Government of India Website)