Securing a permanent Security Council seat at the United Nations has been a keen ambition of the Indian policy makers for the last few years now. It is also a live offshoot of the need to redesign and reassess the prevailing world order in a fast changing, never before globalised world.
In this pursuit of India’s, Russia has on more than one occasion declared its unstinted support for India's permanent membership of an expanded United Nations Security Council. Russia has held the view that the United Nations should adapt to the new international reality if it is to successfully pursue in the future its chief goals of maintaining international peace and security.
The Security Council has 15 members, five of, which China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States - are permanent. The remaining 10 members are elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly, but are not eligible for immediate re-election.
Whenever there is a mention of any enlargement of the Security Council, the candidacies of India, Germany and Japan are considered de rigeur. This opinion expressed by Russia is also endorsed by members of the P5 such as Britain and France.
World of Order vs. the World of Disorder
The move by Russia to support India's bid for the UN Security Council permanent seat stems from the increasingly accepted point of view that the today's world is divided, between the World of Order anchored by America, the European Union, Russia, India, China and Japan, and joined by scores of smaller nations. And the world of disorder, dominated by regimes like that in Iraq and North Korea and the various global networks that feed off the troubled string of states stretching from the Middle East to Indonesia.
It is nations like India that have come to play an ever more bigger role in the global scheme of things. This is further complemented by the fact that India is the world's biggest democracy, the world's largest Hindu nation and the world's second-largest Muslim nation, and more so an avid player on the global scene in the last few decades.