Not only women and children, but the socially marginalised people from the scheduled caste and scheduled tribe communities are prone to violence in Madhya Pradesh.
The latest report of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) for 2013 shows that MP recorded the highest number of crimes against scheduled tribe (ST) people in four categories of major crimes - murder, rape, abduction and hurt.
In case of scheduled caste (SC) communities, the state recorded the highest incidents of rape and hurt and second highest incidents of murder and abduction. The state has also been recording the highest number of rapes of women and children in the country for the past several years.
The state has the largest ST population in the country at 153.17 lakh and the NCRB report shows that in 2013, the state recorded second highest incidents of crime against these communities in the country (1,296), after Rajasthan (1,651).
According to the figures, four crimes perpetrated on STs are reported in MP every day. In all, 42 murders, 329 rapes, 204 hurts and 46 cases of abductions involving people from the ST communities were registered. As for the SC community, an analysis of the NCRB data by NGO Vikas Samvad shows that every day eight cases of crimes were perpetrated against them. The total incidents in 2013 were 2,945, up from 2,875 in 2012. In all, 77 cases of murders of SC persons, 72 abductions, 397 rapes and 817 cases of hurt were reported in 2013 by the NCRB.
Rolly Shivhare of Vikas Samvad said the statistics indicate that all people who are in anyway marginalised are facing difficult existence in Madhya Pradesh. "Unless there are specific efforts to curb the trend, discrimination in the society would increase and lead to unmanageable social problems," she said.
The minister for SC/ST Welfare, Gyan Singh, said he does not discuss sensitive issues over telephone. He was out of Bhopal and thus could not be contacted in person.