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You are here: Home > Netaji Home > Indian National Army
Subhas Moves Away From Germany  
Japan begins enlisting Indians
Japan's imperialistic intentions
Prov Azad Hind Govt formed
Birth of Indian National Army
The leadership issue
The summer of 1942
Bose takes over as INA chief
Chinks in relations with Japan
INA's victory & defeat
By June 1941, Subhas Bose who was then visiting Rome, realised that Hitler had made a strategic blunder by invading Soviet Russia. The gravity of this strategic folly was clear to Bose. He immediately came to the following conclusion that there would be no early end to the European war, as he had considered possible after the fall of France.

A new settlement between a vastly weakened Britain and the Germany-led Axis powers, which might have left India still a British colony under such a settlement, was therefore not an immediate danger.

The termination of the Soviet-German Non-aggression Pact which took the world by surprise in August 1939 and Hitler's refusal to proclaim open support for Indian independence had undermined the reasons why Subhas Bose had taken the risks of travelling through Afghanistan, Soviet Central Asia, Moscow to Berlin.

Since Hitler did not agree to host a Provisional Government of Free India in Berlin, Bose turned his attention to organising the Free India Centre. The Free India Centre he created enjoyed de facto diplomatic privileges.

It had the responsibility of political campaign for Indian independence and raising an Indian legion with volunteers drawn from Indian POWs captured by Germany and Italy from the British Indian armed forces largely deployed in West Asia.

Having given shape to a political body and a military force, he wanted to return to areas adjacent to India, especially to the Far East after Japan began the military campaign against the colonies of Western Powers in Southern Asia.

It must be mentioned here that while Hitler's Germany was unwilling to make a public declaration favouring the end of British rule over India, Japan in its diplomatic communications with its European Axis allies, Germany and Italy, pleaded for a Tripartite declaration of support for Indian independence.

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