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You are here: Home > Netaji Home > Indian National Army
Provisional Government Of Azad Hind Formed  
Bose moves away from Germany
Japan's imperialistic intentions
Japan begins Enlisting Indians
Birth of Indian National Army
The leadership issue
The summer of 1942
Bose takes over as INA chief
Chinks in relations with Japan
INA's victory & defeat
Bose landed in Sabang Island in Sumatra on May 6, 1943. He arrived in Tokyo on May 16, 1943. Tojo received him on June 10, 1943.

July 4, 1943 - The Indian Independence League (formed under a resolution adopted at the representative conference of Indians in East Asia in Bangkok, opened on June 15, 1942 and continued for 10 days) at an open conference in Singapore invited Subhas Chandra Bose to assume the leadership of the IIL and the INA.

July 5, 1943 - Subhas Chandra reviewed the INA in front of Singapore's Municipal Building.

July 6, 1943 - Japanese Prime Minister Tojo reviewed the INA in the presence of Bose. Field Marshal Count Terauchi, the Supreme Commander of the Southern Army in Southeast Asia, was present. Tojo, Terauchi and Bose held a brief meeting there.

October 21, 1943 - Subhas announces the foundation of the Provisional Government of Azad Hind in Singapore.

October 23-24, 1943 - Provisional Government declared war against Britain and the USA. Eight countries recognised the Provisional Government. Eamon de Valera of the Irish Free State sent Bose his felicitations on the formation of the Provisional Government.

December 29, 1943 - Japan handed over the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to Azad Hind Government.

During December 1943, the 1st Division of the INA moved to Rangoon with Col. Mohammad Zaman Kiani as the commander.

Advanced Headquarters of Azad Hind Government, Supreme Headquarters of the INA and offices of the IIL moved to Rangoon.

Azad Hind Dal contained young men and women to be trained as future administrators of the liberated territory of India.

In March-April 1944, the INA and Japanese forces encircle the British in the Arakan Sector through which the British were trying to invade Burma. The INA encircled the 7th British Indian Division and put the enemy to flight. It was a military success - the INA officers and men were decorated for gallantry in the battlefield.

In the middle of March, the Ist Division of INA advanced towards Imphal alongside the 15th Army of Japan of which Lt. Gen. Kenya Mutaguchi, who had his headquarters in North Burma, was the General Officer-in-Command.

The rationale of the expedition according to Fujiwara : On August 18, 1943 Allied leaders at Quebec had decided to launch operations to recapture Burma. War clouds were lowering over Burma-China borders. The British-Indian forces were advancing from the west, the US-Chinese forces from the north and Chiang Kai-Shek's forces from the east - simultaneously to recapture Burma.

Japan wanted to move into Assam to breach the land supply routes of the USA from India to Chiang's forces in China.

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