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You are here: Home > Netaji Home > Indian National Army
The Summer of 1942  
Bose moves away from Germany
Japan's imperialistic intentions
Prov Azad Hind Govt formed
Birth of Indian National Army
The leadership issue
Japan begins Enlisting Indians
Bose takes over as INA chief
Chinks in relations with Japan
INA's victory & defeat
1942 was the year when the British Indian government had to deploy a substantial section of the Allied forces in India for suppressing the Gandhi-led August 1942 rebellion. Japan and the INA could give little help.

Indeed by November 1942, differences erupted between Mohan Singh, the General Officer-in-Command of the INA, and the Japanese government. Mohan Singh took the inexplicable decision of dissolving the INA before he was stripped of his position.

Mohan Singh's decision in the crucial year of 1942 cannot be wholly explained by his desire to defend INA autonomy from Japanese interference. Indeed, his differences with the Japanese military were precipitated by the desertions of several INA officers to the British side. Because these officers were especially close to Mohan Singh, the Japanese military wondered if Mohan Singh had been influenced by the strategic reverse Japan had suffered in 1942.

Bose was given extremely perilous facilities of travel by submarines through the Atlantic Ocean at a time when the submarine warfare was at its peak. In Europe, west Asia, Soviet Russia and in Indo-Pacific region, the Axis Powers had begun to lose their previous strategic superiority.

Even so, arriving in east Asia at the end of an extremely dangerous journey, Subhas Bose effected a miraculous change in the INA and in the freedom movement in Southeast Asia.

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