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You are here: Home > Netaji Home > Indian National Army
Chinks Appear In Relations With Japan  
Bose moves away from Germany
Japan's imperialistic intentions
Prov Azad Hind Govt formed
Birth of Indian National Army
The leadership issue
The summer of 1942
Bose takes over as INA chief
Japan begins Enlisting Indians
INA's victory & defeat
But Subhas Bose fell in with Japan's major decision for an attack on the NEFA in Assam and the state of Manipur to breach the Burma road of Allies' supplies.

In the middle of March 1944, the 1st Division of the INA led by Col. M Z Kiani moved towards Imphal in Manipur. Another battalion of the Subhas Brigade moved to the Burma-India frontiers to coordinate the planned actions with Japan's 55th Division in the Arakan segment.

In the Arakans, the British attack was led by the 31 West African division. While the INA threatened British control of Chittagong in undivided Bengal, the main Nippon-INA force advanced towards Manipur and Assam.

The INA under Subhas Bose's command had extracted the status of an allied Army whose own laws applied to its own men. Bose had also obtained an explicit assurance from the Japanese government that any part of Indian territory thus liberated would pass under immediate administrative control of the Provisional Government of Azad Hind.

Both concessions of Japan were unpopular with Japan's military, especially with the generals of the Burma Army. They blamed Subhas Bose's influence on Premier Tojo for the unprecedented concessions Japan had not conceded to Burma after the latter was proclaimed an independent country on August 1, 1943. Indeed, the Burma Defence Army led by Gen. Aung San, who had long relationship with Japan, was never allowed to fight alongside the regular Japanese military formations on any battlefield.

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