Amidst cases of individual athletes being banned for doping, there have been a number of instances when national federations have been barred from the Olympics for dope violations, politics or government policies. Here’s a look at some major instances
Banned from Rio for doping
It is not the Russian track and field athletes alone who will miss the Rio Games, their weightlifting and rowing teams too have been thrown out of the Olympics.
The International Weightlifting Federation (IWF) last month banned Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus from competing in Rio for a number of doping violations. The Russian federation has appealed against the decision and is awaiting a final verdict.
Similarly, Bulgarian weightlifters will not participate in Rio after their national federation was banned by the IWF after 11 positive tests. The Court of Arbitration for Sport recently upheld the ban.
Russia’s rowing team of quadruple sculls has been suspended from the Rio Games despite qualifying due to a doping violation.
India too were banned
The Indian weightlifting federation has been thrice banned for various periods – in 2004, 2006 and 2009 though they did not miss any multi-discipline events. India had to pay a massive fine of Rs 2 crore to the world weightlifting body so that its lifters could participate in the 2010 Commonwealth Games in New Delhi.
Banned for other reasons
1948: Germany and Japan were suspended from the Olympic movement and missed the London Olympics because of their role in World War II. The ban lasted more than three years and they were allowed to participate in 1952 Games in Helsinki.
1964: South Africa was banned from the Olympics by the International Olympic Committee for its policy of Apartheid. The ban covered many Olympic Games before the Republic of South Africa was allowed back in 1992, for the Barcelona Olympics.
1972: Rhodesia (today’s Zimbabwe) was thrown out of the Munich Olympics four days before the opening ceremony for its government’s exclusivist policies. African countries had threaten to boycott the Games if the white minority government of Rhodesia was allowed to put up a team.