After enacting the Bihar urban planning and development bill 2012, the urban development department has proposed setting up the Bihar urban planning and development board. It would frame policies and suggest guidelines for integrated growth of municipal areas of Patna and other cities.
To be headed by the development commissioner, the board will assist the government to identify planning areas and plan growth strategies in line with suggestions made by different planning authorities to be constituted at district levels. Secretaries and principal secretaries of concerned departments like urban development, registration, building and road construction, revenue and land reforms, public health and engineering departments are like to serve as members.
Confirming the plan, urban development minister Prem Kumar said, planning authorities of different districts comprising district magistrates, would be tasked to prepare land use maps and register. It would help the board frame the master plan of development of the cities with a futuristic vision of 20 years and more.
“In turn, the planning and development board would notify the planning areas and peripheries of each city, which would form the basis of the master plans,” he added.
Once the maps and register of usable land in the districts is finalized, the board authorities will notify nomenclature of land as per their usage such as residential, commercial, green, disaster-prone, etc. Accordingly, the development strategies would be finalized in consultation with reputed firms for comprehensive growth of different cities.
In accordance with provisions of the act, the government would ask district-level planning authorities to prepare maps and register within two years. Revenue and land reforms wings would act in tandem to ensure preparation of error free maps along with proper coordinates. “In case of any dispute related to usable land map and register, the aggrieved party would have the right to approach the appellate authority in their respective districts,” he said.
Widening of existing roadsmajor thoroughfares, lanes and by-lanes, improvement of infrastructure, finalization of layout of existing and proposed residential colonies, commercial complexes and satellite townships, provisioning of water supply system, development of sewerage and drainage system, houses for poor, etc, are some of the development strategies the board would seek to implement in the long term.
The board, the minister said, would also try to reorganize layout of land owned by raiyats for better landscaping and use. However, the landowner would be compensated for any portion of land acquired for the purpose.
Besides, the department would also constitute an urban arts and heritage commission, to look after and protect the articles and premises of archaeological and historic significance.