With guest faculty constituting about 65% of the teaching staff at government colleges here, they are largely responsible for educating as many as 10,000 students.
There are 191 sanctioned posts of full-time faculty across three government colleges - 61 in Government Ranbir College (GRC), 60 in Shaheed Udham Singh Government College, Sunam, and 70 in Government College, Malerkotla - out of which 120 have been filled by guest lecturers and part-timers.
But, the faculty strength, including guest lecturers, is not sufficient to teach the 3,400 students of each of these colleges.
The Government Ranbir College has 24 regular teaching staff, 20 guest faculty and 17 part-time teachers.
Principal Dr Shrikrishan Kaushik said, "We have informed the government about the staff requirement. In the meanwhile, qualified guest faculty has been appointed."
Shaheed Udham Singh Government College has 20 regular teachers and 40 guest faculty.
College superintendent said, "I don't have the exact details of the faculty as I am new here." He also refused to transfer the call to the principal.
Government College, Malerkotla, has 27 regular teachers and 43 guest faculties. Out of eight sanctioned posts for English teachers, only two have been filled by regular teachers. And there are no regular teachers for chemistry, maths, physical education, computer application and history.
"It is one of the oldest colleges of the state, but there is always a shortage of staff, especially for science," said a student.
College principal K.S. Sekhon said, "Guest faculty has been appointed according to Punjab government norms."