Though the district agriculture department has claimed that there is no any report of yellow rust attack on wheat crop across the district Moga, but the officials of the Punjab agriculture department along with the Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KKV) specialists has started campaign to motivate the farmers that how can the farmers save their wheat crop from the attack of yellow rust.
Also the state agriculture department has organised educational camps at various districts across the state to educate the farmers about early detection of yellow rust attack on wheat crop.
Agriculture experts say that one of wheat's worst enemies is wheat yellow rust, a disease responsible for yield losses of up to 70 percent or complete crop loss if the disease occurs early in the growing season.
Dr Mangal Singh Sandhu, director of Punjab agriculture department said "To overcome the devastating economic and environmental impact of yellow rust, experts and scientists have developed wheat varieties resistant to the disease. However, a general lack of understanding about how the yellow rust pathogen overcomes the plants resistance means that new varieties have not stayed resistant for long," Sandhu added.
State director said,"Continuously monitoring of the crop for early detection of such infection foci, in all villages through farmer-participatory scouting and supervised by the officials of department of agriculture Punjab along with local KVK specialists."
Dr Sukhdev Singh Brar, chief agriculture officer (CAO) said that the disease usually occurs early in the growth season, when temperature ranges between 2 and 15°C; but it may occur to a maximum of 23°C. "High humidity and rainfall are favorable conditions for increasing the infection. Losses can be 50%, but in severe situation 100% is vulnerable Yellow rust" takes its name from the appearance of yellow-colored stripes produced parallel along the venations of each leaf blade. The disease appears in the form of yellow stripes on wheat leaves," said CAO Brar.
Educating the farmers at Talwandi Doshanjh village in this district on Tuesday, the agriculture development officer Jaswinder Singh Brar said, "If the yellow rust is noticed in the wheat crop, then the farmers are advised to spray the crop with Propiconazole @ 200 ml per acre (1 ml/liter) with 200 liter water using power sprayer or tractor mounted boom sprayers.
Sooner these infection foci are managed better it would be to check the further spread of disease."
State director Dr Mangal Singh Sandhu revealed that the department of agriculture Punjab gives fungicides on 50% subsidy to the farmers that the farmers should show positive response in this matter for avoiding attack of yellow rust as well as other fungicides.