The menace of brucellosis is growing among animals in the region, and the possible danger of transmission from affected animal to humans is quite large.
So,HT spoke to the experts at the Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (GADVASU), who shared their views on precautionary measures for the disease, which results in miscarriage (during pregnancy) in both animals and humans.
The disease is normally acquired by cattle by ingesting the bacteria, which develops in contaminated environment and mostly cows and buffaloes are affected by the bacteria.
MP Gupta, department of veterinary sciences, GADVASU, said, "Bru Vex vaccination is a must for every cattle during four to eight months of pregnancy. The move will not eradicate the disease completely, but at least brings down the level to a great degree."
So, every livestock owner must get their cattles' blood and semen tested every six months. During pregnancy, farmer or doctor conducting the delivery must put on gloves, as the bacteria enter the body through skin, and if the fetus is found to be infected by it, it must be dumped at the earliest without touching it with bare hands."
Harish Jain, department of veterinary sciences, GADVASU, said, "The semen for artificial insemination should be obtained from reputable centres. To avoid the infection of uterus, cows (cattles) must be served and calved under hygienic conditions, and exact cause of all infertile animals should be established. The aborted cases and material must be sent to the diagnostic laboratory to ascertain the cause."
The pregnant uterus of cows, buffaloes, goat and pig are the preferences of brucellosis bacteria.
Know the disease Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria from the genus brucella.
It is an infection that affects mainly animals, including goats, sheep, camels, pigs, elk, deer, cattle, and dogs. Humans can get tyhe disease on intake of milk or meat from the infected animals or coming in close contact with their secretions.
In humans, brucellosis can cause biphasic fever, night chills, joint pain and general discomfort or uneasiness.