Chandigarh has climbed eight places to be second on the list of the cleanest cities in India. Mysuru in Karnataka has topped the list for the second year in a row.
After Chandigarh, there are Tiruchirapalli, the New Delhi MC area and Visakhapatnam, said a report following a nationwide survey — “Swachh Survekshan 2016” under the ‘Swachh Bharat’ Mission.
“The survey is not done to demoralise any city or place of the country. It aims at generating a healthy competition among them,” Union urban development minister M Venkaiah Naidu told reporters while releasing the survey report in Delhi. It aims at popularising the Swachh Bharat Mission, “and to bring competitive spirit among people to keep their cities clean”, the minister added.
1) What made Mysuru India’s cleanest city?
Mysuru scored well on all sanitation parameters. This included making adequate provisions for individual, community and public toilets, a good track record in door- to- door garbage collection, overall cleanliness level of the city, proper processing and disposal of garbage, an effective communication strategy to bring about behavior change and engaging citizens in cleanliness drive.
2) What made Chandigarh second best?
Chandigarh scored perfect on the parameter of individual household latrines. There remains scope for improvement, however, on some points. On citizen’s feedback, Chandigarh has been ranked the best in the country, in fact. On service level status, it is ranked fourth, while the independent observer appointed for the task has ranked it seventh; the overall rank thus came out to be second. The detailed score under service status are as follows:
Planning: Strategy for Open Defecation Free town (ODF) and Integrated Solid Waste Management (SWM) - 45/50
Communication: Information, Education and Behaviour Change Communication (IEBC) activity - 46/50
Waste Management: Door-to-door Collection, Sweeping, Collection and Transportation - 348/400
Waste Management: Processing and Disposal - 182/200
Sanitation: Public and Community Toilet Provision - 127/150
Sanitation: Individual Household Latrines - 150/150
3) When was the survey conducted?
Between January 5 and January 20. A team of 110 assessors was deployed on the ground to conduct the survey.
4) What is the total population of the 73 cities?
12.47 crore or a third of India’s total urban population.
5) How were the cities chosen?
Cities were measured on two counts. First, their performance on key sanitation components such as constructing individual, public and community toilets, providing adequate solid waste management facilities and launching effective communication strategy. Second, the cities were measured on three counts. Service level status collected from municipalities (1000 marks), physical observation by assessors (500 marks) and getting citizen’s feedback on cleanliness in their respective cities (500 marks). Mysuru, for instance scored 1749 and topped the list, Dhanbad scored 464 and languished at the bottom.
6) What is the regional spread of the cities?
28 cities were from northern states, 15 from south, 15 from the west, 7 from east and 8 from north-east.
7) Geographically, how did the cities fare?
Cities from south and west fared better than those from north and east.
8) What happens to cities that consistently fare well in cleanliness survey that is conducted every year?
Of the Rs 62,009 crore earmarked for Swachh Bharat Mission till 2019, such cities will be given an incentive of 10 % from the Centre share of Rs 14,623 crore.
9) As of now where do Indian cities stand on various sanitation parameters ?
According to Census 2011
18.6% : urban households do not have toilets within the premises.
6%: use community toilets
12.6 %: defecate in the open.
24%: solid waste gets processed of the over 1.7 lakh metric tonne generated per day.