Punjab, known for its adverse sex ratio, has shown improvement while the state's agrarian economy has shown shift to non-agricultural sector, a Census officer said here on Thursday.
During 2001-2011, sex ratio of the state has improved from 876 to 895 and child sex ratio from 798 to 846, Punjab director census, Seema Jain said.
She was speaking at a workshop organised by the Directorate of Census Operations in collaboration with Department of Centre for Census Studies and Research (CCSR), Punjabi University, Patiala.
During the period of 2001-2011, she said that there is perceptible shift from agricultural sector to non-agricultural sector of economy.
The percentage of agricultural workers (cultivators plus agricultural workers) has decreased to 35.5 per cent from 38.9 per cent in 2001 and non-agricultural workers increased to 64.4 per cent from 61.1 per cent.
In fact, among the major states, the percentage of 'other workers' in Punjab at 60.5 per cent is the second highest, next only to Kerala at 80.5 per cent, she pointed out, according to an official release here.
Giving population profile of the state, she said that Punjab's population has increased by 13.9 per cent during 2001-2011 and this decadal growth is the lowest since 1961.
Scheduled caste population in the state comprises 31.9 per cent of the total population.
Punjab's industrial town Ludhiana is the most populous district and accounts for 12.6 per cent of the total population while Barnala is the least populous district and shares 2.2 per cent of the state?s population.
Urban component of Punjab population has increased from 33.9 per cent in 2001 to 37.5 per cent in 2011 and is relatively more urbanized part of the country.
All the districts in Punjab have recorded an increase in percentage of urban population and this increase is the most significant in SAS Nagar (Mohali), from 38.3 per cent in 2001 to 54.8 per cent in 2011, Jain pointed out.
Ludhiana is the most urbanised district with 59.2 per cent of its population residing in urban areas.
SAS Nagar, Amritsar, Jalandhar districts are also predominantly urban having more than one-half of their population as urban.
Tarn Taran district with 12.7 per cent is the least urbanized district in the state.
More than one-fourth of urban population is concentrated in two million plus cities--Ludhiana and Amritsar.