What used to be a problem of middle age and old-age has started appearing in the younger generations these days; it is the COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases), wherein, a patient suffers progressive lung diseases such as emphysema, chronic bronchitis and non reversible asthma.
In a research in 2015-16 by Dr Amit Gupta pulmonologist at Fortis Hospital Ludhiana, he stated, “With as many as 2000 patients tested for respiratory problems in Ludhiana district, along with surrounding areas of Moga, Jalandhar, Machiwara , Khanna , Phagwara, Ferozepur, for the age group of 18-70 years, the most common problem found was diagnosis of COPD.”
“What used to be a problem that develops gradually among people susceptible to smoking and the symptoms were detected in the middle age. But these days, such symptoms are seen in people of 30 years. This reflects the increasing habit of smoking among young people. However, detection at an early stage through spirometry test can help in putting off the issue,” he added. With diagnosis of allergies such as asthma in young population, he said, “Due to changing lifestyle patterns and disturbing environmental factors, of all OPD cases, nearly 30% are of young asthmatic patients belonging to the age group of 16-35 years.” “Such a rise in the number of asthma patients is mainly due to dust mites residing on furniture and carpets. The external factors of dust and smoke are harmful; however, the intake of sauces such as Ajinomoto and excess use of perfumes or deodorants can equally be responsible for asthma among the patients.”
Symptoms of COPD
O Asthma Symptoms such as chest issues – tightness and pain, cough and common cold
O COPD symptoms arise with persistent cough (with or without mucus), chest infection, frequent breathlessness and increased feeling of suffocation
Precautionary measures and diagnosis
Ways to avoid chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases
O Quit smoking as persistent smoking habit can increase the risk of COPD
O Avoid passive smoking, which is equally the problem behind COPD
O Environmental disturbances – air pollutants (smoke, dust, fumes) and working in mines.
O COPD is passed genetically as well, which requires timely diagnosis through spirometry test (costing Rs 1,000-Rs 1,500)
If detected with COPD
O One needs to take timely medication as suggested by the consulting doctor
O Avoid heavy exercises, extreme weather conditions