The monsoon may have failed the country this year but the Punjab farmers did not let this setback come in their way and once again they rose to the occasion to get a better yield of paddy and basmati as compared to last year.
Almost all districts of Punjab, including Amritsar, recorded higher paddy and basmati yields. The input costs rose, but farmers of Punjab are known for nursing their crops carefully.
Amritsar chief agriculture officer (CAO) Balwinder Singh Chinna when contacted said, “Paddy and basmati yields were higher this year compared to the previous years, despite the district receiving lesser rain.”
Giving details, he said so far results of 74 ‘experiments’ of the total 126 earmarked for this purpose have come in and it can safely be said that the average yield has shown a rise. The results of the remaining experiments are expected in the next one week.
To calculate the average yield of any crop, the agriculture department selects experimental plots or fields at random throughout the state. After the crop is harvested from these selected plots, the yield is calculated and thereafter the average yield for the crop is obtained.
PUSA 1509 yield
Despite being rejected by owners of rice shellers and private traders, PUSA-1509 variety got a very healthy yield this year.
Of the 38 results obtained from experimental plots where PUSA 1509 basmati variety was sown, the average yield obtained was better than last year. The yield recorded last year was 4,768 kgs per hectare while this year it went upto 5,052 kgs per hectare.
Likewise, the yield of paddy varieties also rose this year as compared to the previous year. The yield which was 6,160 kgs per hectare last year rose by around 500 kgs per hectare this year.
“The rise in paddy yield is marginal but this is because the results from just a few experimental plots have come in till now. The process is on and hopefully the yield will be around two quintals above the previous year’s yield,” CAO Chinna said.
However, the yield of PUSA 1121 basmati variety showed a marginal decline this year. The results from 26 experimental plots have put the average yield this year at 4,262 kgs per hectare while last year it was 4,314 kgs per hectare.
“The fall in the yield of this variety is primarily due to the fact that the area under PUSA 1121 declined this year while area under 1509 rose. Then when the crop was nearing the harvesting stage, rains and winds lashed the region that adversely affected the 1121 yield,” Chinna added.