Shimla: At 228, Himachal Pradesh (HP) has recorded the third highest number of deaths in the country due to acute respiratory infection in 2014.
A total of 15.1 lakh such cases were reported in the hill state according to the National Health Profile 2015, released by Union health minister JP Nadda in New Delhi on Tuesday.
West Bengal with 28.31 lakh cases and 625 deaths and Uttar Pradesh with 16.28 lakh cases and 619 deaths are ahead of Himachal Pradesh.
As many as 7.52 lakh males suffered from acute respiratory infection, a serious ailment that prevents normal breathing function, which resulted in 157 deaths, while among 7.58 lakh female cases, there were 71 deaths.
In 2013, there were 164 deaths of which 113 were males, while the total number of cases was 7.82 lakh.
8th most deaths due to pneumonia
Himachal Pradesh stood eight in the number of deaths due to pneumonia in 2014. It recorded 137 deaths of which 84 were males and 53 females. Delhi (402), Odisha (319), West Bengal (276), UP (267), Karnataka (220), Puducherry (180) and Rajasthan (163) precede Himachal.
A total of 22,471 cases of pneumonia were detected in the state with 12,184 male patients and 10,287 females.
In 2013, the state had recorded 160 pneumonia deaths that were the fifth highest with 94 male and 66 female deaths.
Delhi (593), West Bengal (439), Odisha (385), Karnataka (343) were ahead of Himachal in 2013.
16 % deaths in country due to acute diarrhoea in HP
16% deaths (52) due to acute diarrhoea in India took place in Himachal Pradesh out of the total 1,323 deaths in the country. As many as 3.5 lakh people got affected by the disease in 2014.
In 2013 there were 56 deaths with 3.49 lakh cases in the state.
Snake bite deaths decrease
The number of snakebite deaths in 2014 in Himachal Pradesh was 19, with seven male and 12 female victims, whereas in 2013, there were 32 deaths of which 15 victims were male.
Just one bed for 795 people in govt hospitals
Reflecting the poor healthcare infrastructure in the government hospitals in the hill state, only one bed is available for a population of 795. The national average is 1,833. The situation is grimmer in Haryana where a bed is serving 3,481, 2,420 in Punjab, 2,359 in Chandigarh and 1,245 in Jammu and Kashmir.
Himachal Pradesh has a total of 160 government hospitals, including community health centres with 8,776 beds. It has 107 rural hospitals with 3,328 beds and 53 hospitals in urban areas with 5,448 beds.
There is just one government hospital for a population of 43,615 in Himachal, while this figure is 1.67 lakh for Haryana, 4,321 for Jammu and Kashmir, 1.19 lakh in Punjab and 4.12 lakh in Chandigarh.
One dental surgeon for 66,461 people
According to the National Health Profile, one allopathic government doctor in Himachal Pradesh serves a population of 1,419, while the figure is 66,461 for a dental surgeon. There are a total of 4,919 government allopathic doctors and 105 dental surgeons.
The number of doctors registered with the Indian Medical Council or State Medical Council has come down to 139 in 2014 from 296 in 2013 and 377 in 2012.
There are 5,953 Ayush doctors in Himachal, while there are 4,648 Ayurvedic doctors, four Unani and 1,301 homoeopathy doctors.
In Haryana there is one government allopathic doctor for a population of 10,189 and one government dental surgeon for 47,129.
In Jammu and Kashmir, there is one allopathic government doctor for a population of 3,386 and one dental surgeon for 20,666. In Punjab, there is one government allopathic doctor for a population of 9,153 and one dental surgeon for 1.12 lakh.
Similarly, in Chandigarh, there is one government allopathic doctor for 15,013 and one dental surgeon for 97,142 people.
Know the disease
Acute respiratory infection is a serious disease that prevents normal breathing function. It usually begins as a viral infection in the nose, windpipe, or lungs. If not treated, it can spread to the entire respiratory system. The infection prevents the body from getting oxygen and can result in death. Hence, immediate medial attention is vital.
A contagious disease, it is particularly dangerous for children, older adults, and people with immune system disorders. The symptoms
include congestion (nasal sinuses or lungs), runny nose, cough, sore throat, body aches, fatigue. In advance stages, the disease accompanies high fever, chills, difficulty in breathing, dizziness and low blood oxygen level.