Though rich farmers have constructed permanent sheds for storing wheat straw (turri) and chaff but it is the huge conical mounds, called kupp, that are still the default mode of storage for average farmers across the state.
Once the harvesting season ends, kupps become ubiquitous on all the fields. It is cheap and an easy way of storing the chaff and wheat straw, which are eventually used as cattle fodder.
After the area for making a Kupp is earmarked a circular boundary of straw and sticks is laid out. After this chaff is filled into the centre to ensure it fits tightly into the earmarked space. This process is repeated several times till a particular height is reached. The hay is then secured with the help of rope or metal wire.
Earlier, the piling up of chaff, which is done in concentric circles, was carried out by the farmers themselves but the recent influx of migrant labourers into the state has led to the job being shifted to the later.
Labourers charge Rs 400 for filling chaff from one trolley into a kupp and usually 5 trolleys of chaff is filled into one kupp which has an average height of 8-9 feet.
There is another type of chaff mound, which are erected by daubing the hay with earth. Some farmers have erected several kupps for selling turri in market when it becomes costly.