On the eve of International Women’s Day, city- based doctors advised women to take preventive measures to avoid cervical cancer as it is the second most common cancer in women worldwide, with about 5,27,624 new cases and 2,65,672 deaths each year.
Cervical cancer is predicted to rise by at least 25% to over 7, 00,000 by 2030, most in low and middle-income countries.
Around 1,22,844 new cervical cancer cases and 67,477 deaths are reported each year in India.
Dr Vaneet Kaur, senior consultant and head, department of obstetrics and gynaecology, Fortis Hospital, Ludhiana, claimed that globally peak incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection generally occurs between the ages of 16 and 20 years. If untreated, these may progress to cervical cancer over a period of 20–30 years, she added.
“There is a significant increase in a number of cervical cancer cases being recorded in the state for the last few years. The Punjab government has introduced this vaccine in immunisation schedule and is trying to provide vaccine at affordable cost at the earliest. The vaccine efficacy is best seen if it is administered to girls from 10 years onwards,” she added.
Dr Poonam Rastogi, senior consultant, department of obstetrics and gynaecology, Fortis Hospital, says that primary prevention is always better than early diagnosis and treatment, hence awareness and education is important.
Cervical cancer ranks the second most frequent cancer in women in India
Every year 1,22,844 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer in India, accounting for 23.3% of the worldwide incidence
Every year, 67,477 women die due to cervical cancer in India, accounting for 25.4% of deaths worldwide.
The cumulative risk of incidence of cervical cancer in women in India is 2.4% compared to 1.4% in the world
The cumulative risk of mortality due to cervical cancer is 1.4% & 0.8% in India and the world respectively (age period 0-75 years)
The crude mortality rate (per 1 lakh women) of cervical cancer in India is 11.1 as compared to 7.6 in the world
The incidence rate rises in 15-44 years age group and peaks at 55-64 years