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HindustanTimes Tue,23 Dec 2014

Health dept directs city hospitals to setup isolation wards in view of Ebola virus

Harshraj Singh  Ludhiana, August 11, 2014
First Published: 20:15 IST(11/8/2014) | Last Updated: 20:22 IST(11/8/2014)

After cases of Ebola virus were reported in some African countries, the health department has asked the major city hospitals to setup isolation wards and ventilators to deal any emergency case. On the directions of health and family welfare department, advisory was issued on August 7.


An advisory was issued to Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Christian Medical College and Hospital, SPS Apollo Hospital and other big hospitals to prepare isolation wards and ventilators for the same.

However, district epidemiologist Dr Anil Verma claimed that no case has been reported in India so far.
He added that this virus spreads like Swine Flu so the advisory has been issued but there was nothing to worry.
"We are just taking precautionary measures. Ebola virus Disease (formerly known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever) is a severe, often fatal illness, with a death of up to 90%. The illness affects humans and non-human primates (monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees)," added Verma.

Several cases and deaths due to Ebola virus have been reported in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone according to the World Health Organisation.

Verma said as on May 18, ministry of health (MOH) of Guinea had reported a cumulative total of 253 clinical cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), including 176 deaths.
 
Ways of transmission

It transmits through close contact with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals, including chimpanzee, gorilla, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelopes and porcupines.

Human-to human transmission

Health care workers have frequently been infected while treating patients with suspected or confirmed EVD.
The virus can be transmitted through semen of affected during close contact with patients.
People are infectious as long as their blood and secretions contain the virus. Ebola virus was isolated from semen 61 days after onset of illness in a man who was infected in a laboratory.
With infection resulting from direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people

Symptoms

EVD is a severe acute viral illness often characterised by the sudden onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, impaired kidney and liver function and in some cases both internal and external bleeding.
Laboratory findings include low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes.
Incubation period (between infection and appearance of disease): 2 to 21 days.

 

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