Manimajra and southern sectors of the city have recorded highest number of cases of cancer and mortality. This has been reported in an annual report of ‘The Population Based Cancer Registry: Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Chandigarh, North India- 2013’.
In Chandigarh, a total of 10.5 lakh people from urban (98%) and rural (2%) areas were covered, and the cancer patients’ data was collected from nearly 20 government and private centres. In 2013, total 833 incidences of cancer were recorded, of them 406 were males and 427 were females.
The report analysis revealed the number of cancer patients was more in some sectors as compared to others. Manimajra and Sector 38 (West) recorded the highest number of cancer cases (46 each), while women cancer patients were also maximum in both the areas. In Manimajra, of 46 cases, 29 were women, while 26 women cancer patients were detected in Sector 38 (west). Sector 45 recorded the second highest number of cancer cases (31), followed by Sector 44 (28). Dhanas was at the fourth position with 26 cancer cases and Sector 20 at the fifth place with 24 cases.
Cancer mortality rate (38.9 per lakh for male and 33.6 per lakh for female) is highest in SAS Nagar in comparison to other three districts – Chandigarh, Mansa and Sangrur — for which the data was collected.
In 2013, a total of 287 people died of cancer in Chandigarh. Of them, 164 were males, while 123 were females.
The cancer mortality was recorded highest in Sector 38 (west) with 22 deaths, which included 10 women. It is followed by Manimajra which reported 18 deaths, including eight women. Dadumajra Colony, Sector 44, and Sector 45 followed with 10 deaths each.
The population of the southern sectors is higher as compared to other sectors, which could be one of the reason behind high cancer incidences.
Rest, age and sex distribution of the population should also be looked into.