Moga farmer doubles potato earning with bed technique
Contrary to other farmers’ claims of harvesting less yield of potato during this season due to extreme cold, a progressive farmer of Jai Singh Wala village claimed to have harvested a better crop this time using a bed plantation technique at his farm.punjab Updated: Feb 23, 2016 13:53 IST
Contrary to other farmers’ claims of harvesting less yield of potato during this season due to extreme cold, a progressive farmer of Jai Singh Wala village claimed to have harvested a better crop this time using a bed plantation technique at his farm.
Jagmohan Singh, also sarpanch of the village, who is growing potato on 83 acres of land, has successfully doubled his earning using some innovative farming tips.
“Normally one-acre farm gives around 100 to 125 quintals of potato yield to the farmers using the ridge plantation method, but with this bed plantation method, I am successfully procuring 170 quintals of potato per acre,” Jagmohan said.
SHIFTING FROM RIDGE TO BED PLANTATION
Jagmohan said that earlier they had adopted th e36-inch bed technique in which they used to sow two rows of potatoes and used the traditional furrow irrigation method to irrigate the crop from both sides.
In the 36-inch bed plantation, it takes 32-35 half-quintal seed bags for an acre, which produces a yield of 135 quintals per acre.
“In a new experiment, I have broadened the ridge from 36 inches to 72 inches and switched to the sprinkler irrigation method,” said Jagmohan, who has been cultivating potatoes with this new technique for last two years.
In the 72-inch bed, the farmer, who has to specially extend the breadth of his tractor to make it run on a broadened bed, is now sowing five rows of potato on a single bed resulting in increase of yield to 170 quintals per acre with mere 40-45 half-quintal bags of seed giving a profit of Rs 1 lakh per acre.
While, the ridge plantation method could only give you a maximum profit of Rs 40,000 per acre, as that consumes extra electricity for water and needs extra fertilisers and pesticides.
BENEFITS OF BED PLANTATION TECH
Jaswinder Singh Brar, agriculture development officer (ADO), said that the bed plantation technique not only helps to increase the yield of the crop, but it is very helpful for a healthy crop as well.
“It increases water using efficiency of the crop, helps in absorbing nutrients and smoothens the aeration facility of the crop which ultimately gives good results,” he said.
Experts said that the furrow irrigation method not only wastes water, but a flood of water becomes hindrance for the crop to absorb nutrients.
“In this bed method, I use only 15 kg urea in an acre while other farmers spray quintals of urea in one acre which increases nitrogen in the crop which is unhealthy for the consumer,” Jagmohan said.
PADDY STRAW AS FERTILISER
The farmer has also stopped the practise of burning straw, left after harvesting of paddy crop and is using it as fertiliser in his farms, which is also contributing to produce a good crop.
“I have imported a straw-chopper mulcher from Italy, which helps to shred the straw in bits, which is then ploughed into the soil for decomposition and helps to make micro-flora and microorganisms in the soil to make it healthy,” Jagmohan said.
ADO Jaswinder said that farmers could also sow other crops, including wheat, all type of vegetables, sunflowers, maize and sugarcane using the bed plantation technique.
“Sowing a crop on beds could reduce the usage of irrigation by 40% and will be helpful in saving water,” he added