More than six out of 10 people in Chandigarh are migrants based on their previous place of residence, according to the 2011 census.
According to the figures, 67.1% of the city’s population are migrants. In 2001, the figure was 64.3%. Over the past decade, the migrant population rose by 22.3% while the total population grew by 17.2%.
The data says 53.6% of the migrant population are males while 46.4% are women.
“A migrant is defined as a person who crosses the administrative boundary of their native place, be it international, state or district with the intention of permanent settlement. In India, migrants are categorised by place of last residence and place of birth. However, in this data, we discuss those whose place of last residence is different from the place of enumeration,” says professor Aswini Kumar Nanda, population research centre, Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development (CRRID).
He adds, “Chandigarh is a city of opportunity and with the increase in mobility, the migration is high. Without satellite towns coming up in Zirakpur, SAS Nagar and Panchkula, the figures would have been higher. Increased commuting to Chandigarh lowers migration.”
Why do people migrate to Chandigarh
In Chandigarh, over 30% migrate for work while just over 4% shift for education. The figure for business purpose is much lesser at 1.4%.
For women, the most important factor for migration to the city is marriage. The figure for total population migrating for marriage is 16.3%. The same for women is 34.6%. Those migrating with their household is over 28% while the same for women stands at 39%.
Nanda said, “Women shifting to Chandigarh because of marriage or with their household are from adjacent states.”
Duration of residence
The percentage of people who have lived here for 10 years and above comprise a bulk of migrants close to 60%.
While just 18% have lived here for one to four years, those who done so for five to nine years are around 17%. Migrants who have stayed here for less than a year are around 5%.