The Panjab University (PU) has slipped in the Times Higher Education university rankings for BRICS, an association of developing countries Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, by a huge margin.
The university, which was ranked 39 last year, is now at the 121st position.
The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) at Bengaluru, however, is placed at 16 in the rankings, which were released on Wednesday, and has made its debut on the list of the top 20 institutes. The Indian Institute of Bombay has also made it to the top 30 (at 29th rank).
PU vice-chancellor Prof Arun Grover said the position was based on the data of world rankings and attributed the PU’s decline to the change in the university’s criteria.
“In the world rankings the PU’s position changed by 300 places a few months ago,” Grover said.
‘Cited lesser now’
The data, however, showed that the university’s ranking has been on a steady decline for at least two years now.
Earlier in 2013, the university was among on top in the country and was placed at 13th in BRICS and other emerging economies.
In the country itself, PU has come down from the 4th position in 2014 to the 10th rank now.
The Times report attributed the PU’s decline to the highest citation impact, which is how often work by scholars of any institution is cited in other articles, books, or other sources such as theses globally.
The PU’s highest citation impact, a parameter that had brought it several awards in international journals and recognition in the global education sector until last year, has reduced by nearly a half this year, the report said.
The university had got 84.4 scores in 2014-15, but only 41 this year.
Similarly, in research, the PU scored 10.5 points last year, which reduced to 8.8 this year.
Citation and research account each for 30% weight in the rankings.