Plant pathology experts of the Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) have cautioned the state farmers against foot rot disease in basmati. PAU plant pathology head PS Sekhon said the occurrence of foot rot disease in basmati is a matter of serious concern. Referring to its symptoms, he said the infected seedlings turn yellow, become elongated and later start drying. The symptoms can appear both in nursery as well as after transplanting the crop in the field.
Sekhon revealed that this disease has not been noticed in the fields of farmers who had gone for seed and nursery root dip treatment with recommended fungicides. The disease has occurred in the fields of the farmers, who never went for seed and nursery root dip treatment or went only for seed treatment. He advised the farmers to reduce their farm expenses by not going for unnecessary application of Bavistin or bio-agent like Sanjivani on the diseased crop. The PAU has made no such recommendation, he informed.
For disease management, Sekhon advised the farmers to rogue out the infected seedlings from the nursery/field and replace them with new seedlings after dipping the seedling roots in Bavistin 50 WP @ 0.2% (200 gm Bavistin in 100 litres of water) for 6 hrs before transplanting,” he said. Farmers, who are yet to transplant the crop after uprooting the nursery, should follow PAU recommendations for proper nursery root dip treatment, he emphasised. The other best way to combat this disease is to produce disease-free seed, he suggested. Spray Tilt 25 EC @200 ml in 200 litres of water at boot stage of the crop for production of disease free seed, he said, adding that this seed can be used for the next year crop.