With the new thermal plants being set up in the state unlikely to be commissioned in the current financial year, Punjab faces a power shortage of 18.3% and a peak load shortage of 33.7% this year, as per the annual report of the Central Electricity Authority (CEA).
The CEA, in its Load Generation Balance Report (LGBR) for 2012-13, has estimated the demand for power in Punjab as 48,881 million units (MU) as against an estimated supply of 39,918 MU. The estimated maximum peak load demand is 10,890 MW against an availability of 7,216 MW.
The report covers the month-wise anticipated energy requirement and availability (in MU) as well as peak demand and availability (in MW) for 2012-13. The figures were finalised after detailed discussions with the Punjab State Power Corporation Ltd (PSPCL) and the Punjab State Transmission Corporation Ltd (PSTCL). The short-term purchases likely to be made by the state have not been taken into account.
As per the report, the power shortage will be 26.7% in October, 22.4% in January and 23.9% in February. The maximum peak load shortage will be 17.4% in October and 18% in February.
Punjab will not be adding to its generation capacity in the current financial year. An additional generation capacity of 17,956 MW has been considered in the LGBR for 2012-13 for the entire country. This includes 15,154 MW from thermal energy, 802 MW from hydel projects and 2,000 MW from nuclear power stations.
The generation from new units, keeping their commissioning schedule into account, has also been included in the estimates for the generation targets while finalising the all-India annual generation target of 930 billion units.
The studies carried out on the anticipated power supply position for the year 2012-13 indicate that there would be a power shortage of 9.3% and peak shortage of 10.6% in the country.
The energy availability in each state has been worked out on the basis of generation from plants owned by the state, the share of power from common projects, allocation of firm power from central generating stations and allocation from unallocated quota of power from central generating stations, as per the current arrangements.
Punjab has 1,861 MW of firm allocation from central projects and another 100 MW from non-firm power. In the first six months of the current financial year ending September 30, Lehra Mohabbat thermal plant generated 3,871 million units with a plant load factor (PLF) of 95.81%. At Guru Gobind Singh Super Thermal Plant, Rupnagar, the half-yearly generation was 4,808 MU with a PLF of 86.98%, which is slightly less than the generation of 4,811 MU in the corresponding period last year with a PLF of 86.94%.