Most farmers, who have been sowing wheat with zero-till or no-till drill, which helps them reduce expenses on diesel and labour besides saving time, water and gives them the same yield as the wheat sown after many ploughings, are satisfied with the experiment with the new technology over the years.
But still, due to the traditional mindset, costly and nonavailability of new agriculture machinery, new techniques are not being extensively adopted by the farmers.
However, those resorting to the new technique to sow wheat after paddy, which becomes a costly and difficult affair for many to prepare the fields due to the thick paddy stubble, are satisfied with their experiment with zero-till technique.
“I have been sowing about 25 to 30 acres of wheat with zero-till drill for over 10 years and in my village alone, there are nearly 1,000 acres of wheat sown via this technique,” claims Udam Singh Aulakh, from village Aulakh of the district.
“My wheat crop is even better than that of others as it has not fallen flat as the zero-till drill sows the seeds deeper. Besides, it saves a lot of fuel as it requires no ploughing, reduces water need to even 25 per cent and yield is equal to the crop sown by simple drill after ploughing the fields many times,” said Udam Singh. But, paddy stubble has to be burnt, and that is the only drawback. of this technique.
“But the problem of burning of paddy stubble can be solved by using a chopper-cum-shredder, a new machine developed last year. I have sown 5 acres of wheat by zero till drill after using paddy chopper-cum- shredder and results are very encouraging,” said Jasdeep Singh, a farmer from village Surghuri.
“Pollution by burning paddy straw is a very serious problem and it could be now avoided by using this shredder,” he said.
“This technique can be very useful for the farmers to sow wheat after Basmati, when the sowing of wheat is late. It could be advantageous as it saves fuel, time and labour,” said Jasdeep Singh.According to him, there are many farmers who sow wheat by zero till drill in his village and some other villages.
“We advise the farmers to visit fields of sown by using this technique. It is very successful to save expenses and time,” said Dr Amandeep Keshav, project director agriculture technology management agency of the district.
No ploughing is required if wheat is sown by zero till, whereas about six ploughings are needed under the traditional system of sowing wheat.
“We are also helping farmers to sow wheat by letting them hire our drill and encouraging them to get rid of costly traditional method, but response is not very encouraging,” said Gura Singh, secretary agriculture coop society Devi Wala.