Two indigenous crossbred cows in Ludhiana have set a national record by producing 54.3 and 53.6 litres of milk, respectively, in a day, smashing the previous record of 53 litres set in 2010.
The cows — FC 1363 and FC 1319 — have been crossbred by Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (GADVASU), Ludhiana. Director of GADVASU livestock farms Prakash Singh Brar said both the cows had been genetically modified through crossbreeding. “These cows have broken the previous record of milk production on April 27. These cows give milk thrice a day against twice a day by an indigenous cow,” Brar added. Both the cows can take the extreme heat and can survive harsh conditions.
Both the cows are a hybrid of Holstein Friesian (Holland) and Sahiwal. While FC 1363 is five-year-old, FC 1319 is six. Both were born at the GADVASU dairy farms.
On an average, the daily milk yield of a cow varies between 20 and 25 litres, say GADVASU experts.
A lactation period of 305 days is set for these crossbred cows to check the exact milk yield. Scientists at the university said the estimated production of milk from each cow during this period would be nearly 10,500 litres.
University vice-chancellor AS Nanda said crossbreeding was introduced in the country to boost milk production and enhance per capita availability of milk in the country. “The exotic breeds of cows have high milk yield, whereas the indigenous cattle are better adapted to local climatic conditions. Crossbreeding of indigenous with exotic germplasm can harvest the benefits associated with both the breeds,” he said.
At present, GADVASU has a herd of 200 such crossbred cows that could produce more milk than indigenous cows.
Brar said male calves born to these cows would be used as future breeding bulls to disseminate superior germplasm through artificial insemination for the benefit of the farmers.
GADVASU dairy manager Puneet Malhotra said the genetic makeup of animals coupled with the management at the farm had led to improvement in milk production.