Ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgeons of the state showcased their research work at the 5th annual conference of the Punjab chapter of Association of Otolaryngologists of India (AOI) held at the Amritsar Government Medical College (AGMC).
In the two-day conference, which concluded here on Monday, the research paper of Dr Navjot Kaur of AGMC titled 'Deep neck space infections: a retrospective study' was adjudged the best. The paper highlighted how simple dental infection or cavities and even unsafe dental extractions result in life threatening infections and abscesses of deep spaces of neck. It recommended that proper dental care and early treatment of dental diseases was key to prevent these deadly complications amongst all age groups and especially amongst diabetics.
Another research paper by Dr Jasveen Kaur of the same college reported that cases of foreign bodies in ear, nose and throat were on the rise amongst children below 10 years of age. Besides coins of different denominations, objects like button, cells were inhaled or ingested by children and these can cause damage to internal organs and could pose danger to life.
Another research paper from AGMC presented by Dr Sania Arya explored the profile of hearing handicapped individuals who come to ENT departments for handicap certification. The paper pointed out that hearing handicap is predicted on the basis of measures of hearing sensitivity only. The problem with this predictive process is that many factors other than hearing sensitivity such as non-development of speech and resultant inability to communicate also contribute to hearing handicap. The paper recommended that such contributing factors to hearing handicap should also be included in order to improve the accuracy of determining hearing handicap.
Two collaborative studies between ENT and eye departments of AGMC were presented by Dr Jagdeepak Singh and Dr Inderjit Kaur. A study amongst hearing handicap children found these children also suffered from concomitant eye disorders like squint and refractive disorders. The second study found that diseases of nose and sinuses were the most common cause of headache followed by myopia.
A research paper from Dr Anshul Singla of ENT department of SGRD Institute of Medical Research demonstrated a novel surgical technique to repair perforations of ear drum which yields better results in terms of hearing improvements. Two other research papers from the same institute reported two rare cases which were successfully treated. The research paper of Dr Tanya Kaur of this college won the second prize. ENT surgeons from Government Medical College, Patiala, and MM University, Mullana, also presented their research papers.
Over 150 ENT surgeons from all over the state assembled here to watch the live surgery demonstration by leading surgeon Dr Renuka Bradoo of Mumbai and Dr Anil Monga of Sir Ganga Ram Hospital of New Delhi. Dr Ashok Gupta of PGI Chandigarh and Dr KK Handa of Medanta Hospital, Gurgaon, also imparted current perspective of ENT diseases and their management to the delegates.
Dr Karunesh Gupta of Amritsar, who was elected president of Punjab chapter of AOI for next year, said that the professional organisation will not shun its social responsibility and continue to take up issues of public interest, particularly those related to our specialty like banning of tobacco products and control of noise pollution.