Delays in work execution, lack of planning and improper fund management have plagued Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (total sanitation campaign) in Jharkhand, observed the comptroller and auditor general (CAG).
The CAG report, tabled in the assembly on August 27, holds significance as the state is geared up to make Narendra Modi’s Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) a reality.
The report mentioned delays in setting up implementing agencies and making institutional arrangements for executing the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA), launched in 1999 to provide sanitation and better environment to people.
The CAG has found that only 6.60 lakh individual household latrines (IHHLs) for below the poverty line families were constructed against the target of 28.72 lakh during 2009-14.
Only 22% BPL households had functional toilets as of March 2014. During the baseline survey of 2012-13, it was found that 8.89 lakh IHHLs in BPL households were defunct. The incentive payment of at least Rs 44.93 crore on these defunct toilets went waste, the CAG observed.
The report also mentioned that the state awarded nirmal gram awards to gram panchayats for implementing the NBA though they have not achieved total sanitation. Eleven gram panchayats were given the award in 2012-13 in Ranchi district alone.
The base line survey of eight panchayats detected that 36% households had no toilets, while 43% had defunct ones.
Out of 44 gram panchayats checked in three districts - Dhanbad, Ramgarh and Ranchi, 16 were identified as nirmal gram. However, out of the 16445 households, 11822 had no toilets, the report said.
It also underlined that the drinking water and sanitation department (DWSD) fixed targets without preliminary baseline survey of the beneficiaries.
The CAG mentioned that the programme management unit could utilise only 58% (Rs 262.65 crore) of the total fund of Rs 449.25 crore disbursed from 2009 to 2014.
The SCG found discrepancies in unspent balance as shown in management information system and unaudited reports at the end of every financial year from 2009 to 2013, the report said.
As in March 2013, the audited report mentioning unspent balance was Rs 258.52 crore, whereas it was Rs 211.44 crore.
The CAG pointed out lapses on grievance redressal mechanism. The department on inquiry had said two toll free numbers were functional at the state level.