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All about TODs

Transit oriented development projects in India should follow the development oriented transit model, say experts

realestate Updated: Feb 14, 2013 15:30 IST

Delhi Development Authority is planning to develop a 30-hectare plot adjacent to the Karkardooma Metro station. This will be its pilot transit-oriented design (TOD) project.
The site selected for the project is the space next to the existing Karkardooma Metro station where a second station is planned under phase III of the Metro. So, once the Mukundpur-Yamuna Vihar line is functional, the Anand Vihar station will function as an interchange station, leading to a large influx of people.
This TOD will have high-density mixed land use development and comprise spaces earmarked for residential and commercial zones.
The total permissible built-up area will be 5,20,000 sq m and will accommodate 22,000 people in the residential zone that will have around 4900 units. It will also have a component of affordable housing in the proposed project.
The Unified Traffic and Transportation Infrastructure, Planning and Engineering Centre (UTTIPEC), a body set up by the DDA, is handling the project that will be replicated in other Metro stations too. It has also been given the mandate to prepare a chapter on TOD for the new Master Plan of Delhi 2021. “We are developing it and it will be completed within two months,” says Ashok Bhattacharjee, director (planning), UTTIPEC.
Apart from this, “we will also conduct a series of workshops for the public and stakeholders to invite their suggestions on the chapter on TOD to be included in the Master Plan,” he says
TOD ensures that an area becomes a vibrant public space, is public transport oriented and address issues relating to women's safety, he says .
UTTIPEC has identified five corridors – Bawana-Rohtak Road corridor, MG Road corridor, Dwarka-Najafgarh corridor, Nehru Place-Badarpur corridor and the Karkardooma corridor for development.
Some town planners are of the view that having avhigher floor area ratio along a Metro corridor or a TOD does not always translate to higher density.
In India, TOD should go hand in hand with development oriented transit which means that transit should be retrofiited into development and improve the accessibility of the existing land parcels.
“Block size also plays an integral part in accessibility or usage of a transit system. The higher the block size, as is the case with certain townships, the lower the accessibility to transit,” says Amit Bhatt, head, urban transport, EMBARQ India.
Having said that, townplanners also need to ensure that for existing areas, accessibility should be a method of
integrating transit to development but in case of new areas under development, the focus should be on densities and mix of uses. What generally happens is that only the rich get to buy into these projects as the pace of transit use development is slow compared to development of the land parcel.
— Vandana Ramnani