Although a greater proportion of teenage boys than girls watch and fantasise about sex they have seen in pornography, there are no differences between the sexes when it comes to what types of sex they fantasise about, a new study suggests.
Using questionnaires, Magdalena Mattebo, researcher at the Department of Women's and Children's Health at Uppsala University, investigated the sexual experiences and pornography consumption of more than 800 Swedish upper-secondary school students, 16-years-olds.
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The study also shows that there are no differences in the proportion of girls and boys who think that their sexual behaviour is influenced by pornography to a great extent.
Boys and girls who watch pornography have a more favourable attitude to pornography than those who do not.
It was unexpected that more than every tenth girl in the consumption group stated that they watch pornography less than they would like to. It was also unexpected that there was no difference between girls and boys regarding fantasies about sexual acts, and that an equal proportion of girls and boys said that pornography influences their sexual behaviour, Mattebo said.
The girls in the study were more sexually experienced than the boys when it comes to oral, vaginal and anal sex, but there were no differences between the sexes concerning various types of sexual partners, such as buddy sex, one-night-stands and group sex.
Based on traditional stereotyped gender roles it was not surprising that the adolescents in the study had a more favourable attitude to boys having many different sex partners compared to the attitude towards girls having many different sex partner.
However, an interesting finding was that among the most sexually experienced adolescents, there was a perception that girls and boys are equally interested in sex, which is a positive finding from the perspective of gender equality, Mattebo added.
The study is published in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.