HindustanTimes Tue,28 Jul 2015

Independence Day

How long was the Dandi March?

It was 390 kms long, starting from the Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmadabad and ending at the coastal village of Dandi.

Where was Mahatama Gandhi on the eve of Independence?

He declined to join the festivities in Delhi as he was in Calcutta, trying to restore peace between rioting Hindus and Muslims.

When was the Triclour unveiled?

On 22 July, Nehru presented the Tricolour to the Constituent Assembly and won unanimous approval. It has served as the national flag of India since 15 August 1947 till date.

When was the Jana Gana Mana adopted as our national anthem?

On January 24, 1950, Jana Gana Mana, written by Rabindranath Tagore, was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem. But it was first sung at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December 1911.

How many states did India have at the time of Independence?

There were no states, but 8 provinces like Punjab, Calcutta, Maratha etc.
There were over 560 princely states which acceded to the Indian union.
Some princely states like Hyderabad, Junagarh, Tripura and others became a part of India Union only after 1947. Sikkim was the last state to accede in 1975.

When were the first Indian coins introduced?

The first coinage of the Republic of India was introduced on 15th August 1950. The King’s portrait was replaced by the Lion Capital of Ashoka Pillar and other Indian motifs were also incorporated.

Why had people gathered in Jallianwala Bagh on the fateful day of the massacre?

On 13th April, 1919, when Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer ordered policemen to open fire at unarmed men and women in Jallianwala Bagh, the crowd had congregated there to celebrate the festival of Baisakhi and protest against discriminatory British laws.

Who was the first female Indian freedom fighter?

Bhima Bai Holkar, a Maratha woman, defeated the British forces in guerilla warfare while fighting for her land in 1817.

Who decided on the boundaries of India and Pakistan during partition?

Cyril Radcliffe who was a lawyer and a viscount, was the Chairman of the Boundary Commission that drew up the map of India’s partition. Apparently, he had never visited India before.

Did you know who designed our national flag?

Pingali Venkayya, who was born in Andhra Pradesh and was a keen agriculturalist and geologist, came up with the initial design for the tricolor national flag. The design was similar to the Calcutta flag, one of the unofficial Indian flags in the early 1900’s.
The saffron represents courage and strength, the white stands for peace and truth, while the green symbolizes fertility of the land and growth.

What was the population of India when it gained freedom?

In 1947, the population of India was over 350 million. In 1950, the population was 361 million.

How did the Ashoka chakra replace the charkha?

The idea of including the charkha, the spinning wheel, was proposed by Lala Hansraj Sodhi to represent Gandhi’s ideal of making Indians self-reliant.

Since the charkha did not appear symmetrical from both sides, it was replaced by the chakra which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka to symbolize dharma and law. The diameter of the chakra approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes.