Former Arsenal and England defender Sol Campbell says he may have to go abroad to further his coaching ambitions as attitudes towards black coaches in England are archaic.
Campbell, who began his career at Tottenham Hotspur and went on to win the Premier League at Arsenal, is taking the first steps towards his UEFA A licence and is passing on his knowledge to Arsenal's young players.
However, the 39-year-old believes opportunities to move into coaching in England are limited.
"There are no opportunities here for me, not until attitudes change anyway.
"Everyone has to ask themselves why there are not more black managers in this country and why the likes of Brian Deane have to go abroad (to Sarpsborg in Norway) to get a chance.
Some 30 percent of players in England's top four divisions are non-white, yet only four black managers are working in the professional game.
Chris Hughton is in charge at Premier League Norwich City, former England midfielder Paul Ince manages at Blackpool while Chris Powell and Chris Kiwomya are at Charlton Athletic and Notts County respectively.
"(The FA) tried to help me but were never proactive," said Campbell, who retired last year. "I still wanted to be with the England setup. They said they were interested but the interest went cold. Suddenly, Gary Neville pops up as assistant manager."