China's Zheng Jie won the rain-delayed Auckland Classic on Sunday after fourth seed Flavia Pennetta retired hurt when trailing 2-6 6-3 2-0.
The world number 20 had a medical time-out at the change of ends when leading 5-2 in the first set and called for the physiotherapist several more times in the match to work on an apparent back injury before eventually throwing in the towel.
Italian Pennetta's withdrawal gifted 28-year-old Zheng her fourth WTA title and her first since 2006, while providing a welcome boost ahead of next week's Australian Open.
Persistent showers washed out the final on Saturday and continued on Sunday, forcing the match to be moved indoors to a smaller stadium where Pennetta, Italy's first top-10 player, quickly seized the initiative.
The 29-year-old broke Zheng twice to seal the first set and raced to a 2-0 lead before her pint-sized opponent roared back into the match by peeling off five straight games.
Zheng, a former semi-finalist at Wimbledon and Melbourne Park, held a nervous service game to clinch the second set and broke Pennetta early in the third before the Italian decided enough was enough.
Once China's highest-ranked player ahead of French Open champion Li Na, Sichuan native Zheng's ranking has dipped to 48th after a disappointing 2011. But she has shown strong form in the leadup to the year's first grand slam, upsetting former world number two Svetlana Kuznetsova in the Auckland semifinal.