behind rivals as its partnership with software giant Microsoft has yet to capture consumers' imagination like Apple's iPhones or Samsumg's Galaxy models.
A corporate logo is displayed at the Nokia flagship store in Helsinki. Credit: Reuters/Bob Strong
The Finnish group is now pinning its hopes on new, top-of-the-range Lumia 820 and 920 phones, which use Microsoft's latest Windows 8 software and are due to hit stores in early November.
Analysts say sales in the pre-holiday season may determine Nokia's chances of long-term survival.
"Competition is fierce," said Eric Beaudet at Natixis Securities. "The story really will be whether it can ramp up with the Windows 8 phones."
Analysts have written off the third quarter as a weak one for Nokia without new Lumia phones to compensate for a heavy drop in sales of older models.
They are forecasting an underlying loss - which strips out one-off items - of around 11 euro cents per share, according to the average forecast of 35 analysts. That would be the third straight quarter of underlying losses.
Many analysts said they would focus on how Chief Executive Stephen Elop plans to partner with network operators to make sure the newest Lumia phones can compete with Apple's new iPhone 5 and Samsung's Galaxy SIII.
Details on aggressive sales and marketing plans could persuade investors to give Nokia more time, analysts said.
Running out of cash, and patience
On the other hand, a big fall in its cash could signal Nokia is running out of time. Its cash position is forecast to fall to 3.4 billion euros at the end of the third quarter from 4.2 billion three months earlier.
Nokia has been cutting spending and selling assets such as its Vertu luxury handset unit. It is also considering selling and leasing back its waterfront headquarters in Espoo, a short drive from Helsinki.
"We fear things are not going well," Societe Generale analyst Andy Perkins said in a research note. "Certainly the news that Nokia is looking to sell and then lease back its headquarters causes us to suspect that cash is becoming more and more of an issue."
Investors and analysts have said that if its cash position worsens and Lumia sales show little improvement over the coming months, the company may need to change its strategy - as well as its chief executive.
A few analysts recommend buying the shares, saying they look cheap at recent levels near 2.15 euros, with little premium over the value of assets such as intellectual property. The shares have fallen around 70 percent since the Microsoft tie-up in February 2011, hitting an 18-year low of 1.33 euros in July.
But others say it is pointless to ponder valuations when a company, particularly in the fast-moving consumer technology industry, is losing market share.