topics Updated: May 25, 2016 10:36 IST
The Kargil War was a more than a month-and-a-half long armed conflict that began when Pakistani soldiers entered the Indian side of the temporary border in the Jammu and Kashmir region that is claimed by both sides in its entirety. At more than 5,000 metres above sea level, the Kargil district held strategic value as it connected Srinagar with Leh, a link Pakistan attempted to snap. The war saw both sides lose hundreds of soldiers before India forced Pakistan to retreat, aided by international pressure on Islamabad. It is the only instance where two active nuclear powers have had a direct armed conflict till date.