A suburban police officer who killed a black motorist likely wouldn’t have fired if the driver had been white, Minnesota’s governor declared, jumping into a suddenly reignited national debate over how law enforcement treats people of colour.
Philando Castile’s girlfriend streamed the gruesome aftermath of his shooting in a St. Paul suburb this week live on Facebook. The school cafeteria supervisor had been shot “for no apparent reason” while reaching for his wallet after telling the officer he had a gun and a permit to carry it, she says in the video.
“Would this have happened if those passengers would have been white? I don’t think it would have,” Governor Mark Dayton said to a crowd that gathered outside his residence all day and night Thursday.
Hours after Dayton’s remarks, gunmen shot and killed five police officers and wounded six more amid protests in Dallas over Castile’s killing and a second fatal police shooting of a black man.
Alton Sterling, 37, was killed Tuesday in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, after he scuffled with two white police officers outside a convenience store. Portions of that shooting were also caught on video.
Castile was shot in Falcon Heights, a mostly white community of 5,000 served primarily by the nearby St. Anthony Police Department.
In the video, Diamond Reynolds describes being pulled over for a “busted tail light.” Reynolds told reporters Thursday that the 32-year-old Castile, of St. Paul, did “nothing but what the police officer asked of us, which was to put your hands in the air and get your license and registration.”
The video she streamed Wednesday night on Facebook Live shows her in a car next to a bloodied Castile slumped in a seat. A clearly distraught person who appears to be a police officer stands at the car’s window, tells her to keep her hands up and says: “I told him not to reach for it. I told him to get his hand out.”
“You shot four bullets into him, sir. He was just getting his license and registration, sir,” Reynolds calmly responds.
State investigators named the two officers involved in the Minnesota shooting as Jeronimo Yanez and Joseph Kauser. Both had been with the St. Anthony Police Department for four years and were put on administrative leave, as is standard.
Yanez approached Castile’s car from the driver’s side, and Kauser from the passenger side, according to the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension. The agency said Yanez opened fire, striking Castile multiple times.
Several videos, including squad car video of the incident, have been collected, but St. Anthony officers don’t wear body cameras, the agency said.
The bureau did not give the officers’ races. Reynolds described the officer who shot Castile as Asian.
The St. Anthony Police Department’s 2015 annual report points to Yanez’s volunteerism; he gave a tour of the station to a local Cub Scout troop and volunteered with St. Paul’s Cinco De Mayo celebration, participating in a parade with other members of the National Latino Police Officers Association.
The previous year’s report includes a photo of Yanez solemnly standing guard at a memorial to fallen officers at the state Capitol.
Thomas Kelly, an attorney for Yanez, did not immediately return a call seeking comment after the officers were identified.
The US Justice Department, which immediately launched a civil rights investigation into the Baton Rouge shooting, said it would monitor Minnesota’s investigation. Dayton said he and other state officials would ask for stronger federal involvement in the case.
At a vigil Thursday evening outside a Montessori school where Castile worked, his mother, Valerie Castile called her son “an angel.” Though she recalled cautioning him to always comply with police, she said she never thought she would lose him.
“This has to cease. This has to stop, right now,” she told the crowd.
Hundreds of demonstrators braved rain showers and gathered outside the governor’s mansion in St. Paul. The group swelled to over 1,000 for a time as people marched from the school vigil. Dayton waded through the crowd as protesters chanted: “What do we want? Justice! When do we want it? Now!”
Some 200-300 protesters with a large supply of donated food and water were still there as midnight approached.
On a trip to Poland, President Barack Obama called on law enforcement to root out bias in its ranks, saying the Minnesota and Louisiana shootings were symptoms of a “broader set of racial disparities” in the justice system that aren’t being fixed quickly enough.
“When incidents like this occur, there’s a big chunk of our fellow citizenry that feels as if it’s because of the color of their skin, they are not being treated the same,” Obama said several hours before the Dallas shootings. “And that hurts. And that should trouble all of us.”