Egypt's interim president on Tuesday swore in the first Cabinet since the military ousted the Islamist president, giving members of the country's liberal movements key positions. The Cabinet includes three women.
The new government is led by Prime Minister Hazem el-Beblawi, an economist. Army chief Gen. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, who ousted Mohammed Morsi on July 3, retains his post as defense minister and also took the position of first deputy prime minister, an additional title given to defense ministers in the past.
The Morsi-appointed interior minister, Mohammed Ibrahim, remains in his post, in charge of the police. Nabil Fahmy, who was Egypt's ambassador to the US from 1999-2008, becomes foreign minister.
Underlining the relatively liberal outlook of the new government, President Adly Mansour named three women in his Cabinet, taking the powerful ministries of information and health as well as the environment ministry. The Cabinet has 33 members, not including el-Beblawi.
Most past governments for decades have had at most two women in them.
The Cabinet does not include any figures from Islamist parties. The interim president's spokesman had said posts would be offered to Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood.
The group refused, saying it would not participate in the military-backed political process and vowing to continue its protests demanding Morsi's reinstatement. Morsi's supporters accuse the military of carrying out a coup that has destroyed Egypt's democracy.
In a first, Mansour also swore in an icon of Egyptian soccer as youth minister. Midfielder Taher Abu Zeid starred in Cairo's el-Ahly club and the national side in the 1980s.
The swearing-in of the new government came only hours after clashes between police and Islamist supporters of Morsi left seven protesters dead in the worst outbreak of violence in a week.
The overnight riots broke also soon after the most senior U.S. official to visit Egypt since Morsi was toppled concluded a round of talks with the country's interim leaders in which he called for the Brotherhood to be included in the political process.
The Muslim Brotherhood meanwhile rejected the legitimacy of Egypt's newly appointed cabinet soon after it was sworn in.
"We don't recognise its legitimacy or its authority," spokesman Gehad El-Haddad told AFP, speaking after the 35 ministers took their oath before army-appointed interim president Adly Mansour.
(With inputs from AP and AFP)