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HindustanTimes Wed,03 Sep 2014

World

Equity, the face saver for India from Doha climate talks
Chetan Chauhan, Hindustan Times
Doha (Qatar), December 07, 2012
First Published: 21:03 IST(7/12/2012)
Last Updated: 21:07 IST(7/12/2012)

India got some face saver as complex UN climate talks at Doha moved into its final phase with civil society crying hoarse over the Friday’s draft final outcome terming it a perfect recipe for “global genocide”.


 
The proposed text for vetting by around 200 participating countries later tonight provided home to many outstanding issues such as transparency regime for mitigation actions, new market mechanisms and transfer of clean technologies under different UN climate bodies but failed to reach consensus of funding to poor nations. It mooted another year to reach agreement on this.
 
For India, equity saw a comeback after two years and the rich countries agreed to discuss unilateral carbon tax on aviation and maritime in the course of next year.

But, bringing emissions from these sectors under UN climate convention witnessed a strong protest from India.
 
The conference also decided to put clean technology transfer on fast track but did not agree with India’s demand that they should be free of copyright. Instead, it promised to discuss expanding clean “technologies in the public domain”, which evoked protest from India.
 
There was almost an agreement on extending green-house gases reducing Kyoto Protocol for another eight years with some differences on levels of reduction for rich nations and carrying over of carbon credits bought between 2008 and 2012, first phase of the protocol.
 
But, this could be a bargaining chip if the rich nations agree to provide an amount equivalent to existing financial commitment of US $ 10 billion a year.

“It would a sobering offer,” said David C Kaluba of Gambia on behalf of the least developed nations, which want a minimum of US $ 60 billion by 2015.
 
Rich nations have not offered anything so far but are expected to open their cards as talks extend ahead of official hours on Friday with talks of it getting stretched up-to wee hours of Sunday morning.

NGOs and delegates expressed frustration at the pace of negotiations that started on November 26 and failed renewed scientific warning because of devastating cyclone in Philippines. “An empty shell is being offered, people should protest,” said Harjeet Singh of Action-aid India.

What the decisions could mean

2nd Kyoto Protocol period: India would continue to get money for clean technologies

Equity without historical responsibility: Could restrict India’s argument to let its emissions grow because of pollution burden of the rich nations.

Finance: May not get any money in next two years except for running office of Green Climate Fund.


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