HindustanTimes Sat,23 Aug 2014


Mexican drug kingpin Guzman captured in Mexico: sources
Washington/Mexico City, February 23, 2014
First Published: 01:02 IST(23/2/2014)
Last Updated: 01:08 IST(23/2/2014)

Mexico's most wanted man, drug kingpin Joaquin "Shorty" Guzman, has been captured in Mexico by US and Mexican law enforcement officials, sources said on Saturday, in what would mark a major coup in a grisly fight against drug gangs.

A US government source, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said Guzman had been captured, without elaborating. A Mexican security source confirmed the capture, saying it took place in Mazatlan, a seaside resort in Guzman's northwestern home state of Sinaloa.

In Mexico City, presidential spokesman Eduardo Sanchez said authorities have "captured an individual in Sinaloa" and that they were working to confirm his identity.

Local television broadcast a photograph of a man it said was detained in the operation, who bears a resemblance to Guzman. The man had a small black moustache, and was shirtless.

Guzman, known as "El Chapo" (Shorty) in Spanish, runs Mexico's infamous Sinaloa Cartel, which has been fighting a brutal war with other gangs over turf and drug-trafficking routes to the United States.

The 5-foot 6-inch (1.7-metre) tall gangster's exploits have made him a legend in many impoverished communities of northern Mexico, where he was immortalised in dozens of ballads and low budget movies.

The United States had placed a $5 million bounty on 56-year-old Guzman's head and authorities in Chicago last year dubbed him the city's first Public Enemy No 1 since gangster Al Capone.

Nearly 80,000 people have died in drug-related killings in Mexico since former President Felipe Calderon sent in the army in early 2007 to quell the powerful drug bosses, a policy new President Enrique Pena Nieto has criticised but found tough to break with.

From humble roots to billionaire From humble beginnings in a ramshackle village, Guzman rose up in the 1980s under the tutelage of Sinaloan kingpin Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo, alias "The Boss of Bosses," who pioneered cocaine smuggling routes into the United States.

He came to prominence in 1993 when assassins who shot dead Roman Catholic Cardinal Juan Jesus Posadas claimed they had been gunning for Guzman but got the wrong target.

Guzman is the latest in a series of high profile capos to be caught or killed.

Last July, the government caught the leader of the Zetas drug cartel, Miguel Angel Trevino, aka Z-40. The Zetas have been blamed for many of the worst atrocities carried out by Mexican drug gangs, acts that have sullied the country's name and put fear into tourists and investors alike.

Founded by army deserters in the late 1990s, the Zetas initially acted as enforcers for the Gulf Cartel. But cracks began to appear and the rupture was sealed in early 2010, setting off the most violent phase in Mexico's drug war.

Calderon, a conservative, staked his reputation on bringing Mexico's powerful drug gangs to heel, sending in the armed forces.

While his forces captured or killed many of the top capos, cartels splintered amid leadership challenges and the bloodletting increased, led by the Zetas' excesses.

Pena Nieto has sought to play down the drug fight in public, instead seeking to focus public attention on a series of economic reforms spanning energy to telecoms which he has pushed through Congress and aim to boost long-lagging economic growth.

He has also tried an unorthodox strategy, co-opting vigilantes in western Mexico in the fight against the feared Knights Templar Cartel, which security experts is potentially playing with fire.

Guzman has been caught before, and famously gave his jailers the slip.

He escaped a Mexican prison, reportedly in a laundry cart, in 2001 to become the country's most high-profile trafficker. He is believed to command groups of hitmen from the US border into Central America.

He was indicted in the United States on dozens of charges of racketeering and conspiracy to import cocaine, heroin, marijuana and crystal meth.

Guzman was listed for a time in Forbes' annual list of billionaires around the world but he was dropped last year, because it was impossible to verify his wealth.

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