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HindustanTimes Fri,19 Sep 2014

World

Nobel Peace Prize: institutions that have won
AFP
Oslo, October 12, 2012
First Published: 15:34 IST(12/10/2012)
Last Updated: 15:35 IST(12/10/2012)

The Nobel Peace Prize, awarded on Friday to the European Union, has a long history of recognising institutions since it was first awarded in 1901.

In October 2001, the award was given to the United Nations and its secretary general.

The International Committee of the Red Cross tops the list of institutional laureates with three wins: in 1917, 1944 and 1963.

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was honoured in 1954 and 1981.

Here is a full list of the institutions that have won the prize:

1904: Institute of International Law

1910: Permanent International Peace Bureau

1917: International Committee of the Red Cross

1938: Nansen International Office for Refugees

1944: International Committee of the Red Cross

1947: Friends Service Council (The Quakers), American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers)

1954: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

1963: International Committee of the Red Cross and the League of Red Cross Societies

1965: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

1969: International Labour Organisation

1977: Amnesty International

1981: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

1985: International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

1988: United Nations Peacekeeping Forces

1995: The Pugwash movement

1997: The International Campaign to Ban Landmines

1999: Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders)

2001: Kofi Annan (Ghana) and the United Nations

2005: International Atomic Energy Agency and its director general Mohamed ElBaradei (Egypt)

2007: The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

2012: The European Union (EU)


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