Obama, King and 50 years of change

  • Yashwant Raj, Hindustan Times, Washington
  • |
  • Updated: Aug 30, 2013 09:00 IST
  • Martin Luther King

    Entertainer Oprah Winfrey with US President Barack Obama in Washington to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Martin Luther King Jr's "I Have a Dream" speech. ...

  • President Obama

    President Obama appears on a television screen as he speaks at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington. (AFP Photo)

  • Martin Luther King III

    Martin Luther King III, son of late Martin Luther King Jr, addresses the gathering on the 50th anniversary of his father's famous "I Have a ...

  • Jimmy Carter

    Former President Jimmy Carter walks to deliver a talk as President Obama applauds during the 'Let Freedom Ring' ceremony in Washington. (Agencies Photo)

  • Barack Obama

    President Barack Obama and first lady Michelle Obama wave to the crowd after the ceremony at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington.(AP Photo)

  • Lincoln Memorial

    The crowd at the Lincoln Memorial for the 'Let Freedom Ring' ceremony in Washington. (Agencies Photo)

  • Oprah Winfrey

    Talk show host Oprah Winfrey speaks at the Lincoln Memorial, from where Martin Luther King Jr delivered his "I Have a Dream", 50 years ago. ...

  • Jamie Foxx

    Actor Jamie Foxx speaks during the 50th anniversary celebration of the 'March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom' in Washington. (AFP Photo)

  • Bill Russell

    NBA basketball legend Bill Russell speaks during the Let Freedom Ring Commemoration in Washington. (AFP Photo)

  • Joe Biden

    Vice President Joe Biden arrives at the ceremony commemorating the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington on Wednesday. (AP Photo)

Shirley Jones was here 50 years ago when Martin Luther King delivered the historic “I have a dream” speech from the Lincoln Memorial. It was a hot summer day then.

And, “no one searched or scanned our bags then,” said Jones.

It was a wet, rainy  day on Wednesday, 50th anniversary of that speech, coming at the end of the March on Washington.

And, everything was searched and scanned.

“That’s him,” said her friend Nzynga Ashley urgently, interrupting the chatter.
“That’s him?”
“That’s him!”

The two African American friends from Harlem, New York fell into a respectful silence, to hear President Barack Obama, whose familiar baritone barely carried to where they were.

But sitting at the foot of the Washington Monument, where the 1963 march started, ending with King’s speech at the Lincoln Memorial, they sounded disappointed, yet hopeful.

President Obama captured it aptly in his speech, which, he later explained, tried not to either match or upstage King’s, one of the two greatest speeches in history, according to him.

The other, he didn’t say, would be Lincoln’s at Gettysburg.

King’s speech in 1963, at the culmination of the March on Washington by an estimated 250,000 people, led shortly to laws ending segregation and guaranteeing equal voting rights.

But race relations remain contentious, manifesting most recently in the trial, and acquittal, of a White Hispanic man in the case of the death of an African American teenager.

Some like Jones argue not much has changed.

President Obama disagrees. He said these skeptics dishonour “the courage and the sacrifice of those who paid the price to march in those years”.

But, the president added, it would also be a dishonour to these men and women if someone were to “suggest that the work of this nation is somehow complete”.

“For what does it profit a man, Dr King would ask, to sit at an integrated lunch counter if he can’t afford the meal?”

He said a little later: “And so as we mark this anniversary, we must remind ourselves that the measure of progress for those who marched 50 years ago was not merely how many blacks could join the ranks of millionaires. It was whether this country would admit all people who are willing to work hard regardless of race into the ranks of a middle-class life.”

Jones turned to her friend with a triumphant look: “I could have written that speech for him.” Only, her version would have been far more dismal and worrying than Obama’s.


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