President Saddam Hussein said in a message to the Iraqi people on Tuesday that jihad was a religious duty and he urged them to fight invading US and British troops wherever they found them.
"Jihad is a duty. Whoever dies will be rewarded by heaven. This is what God requested of you," said Saddam's message, which was read out on state television by information minister Mohammed Saeed al-Sahhaf.
"Hit them, fight them. Fight them everywhere," the message said.