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HindustanTimes Mon,22 Sep 2014

World

Shanghai to San Francisco in two hours in Chinese submarine
PTI
Beijing, August 24, 2014
First Published: 23:43 IST(24/8/2014)
Last Updated: 07:52 IST(25/8/2014)

China has moved a step closer to creating a supersonic submarine that could travel from Shanghai to San Francisco covering nearly 9,900 km in less than two hours, a Chinese scientist has said.

New technology being developed by a team of scientists at Harbin Institute of Technology’s Complex Flow and Heat Transfer Lab could make it easier for a submarine or torpedo, to travel at extremely high speeds underwater, the Hong Kong based South China Morning Post reported.

The distance from Shanghai in eastern China to San Francisco in western United States is about 9,873 km.

Li Fengchen, professor of fluid machinery and engineering, said the team’s innovative approach meant they could now create the complicated air “bubble” required for rapid underwater travel.

“We are very excited by its potential,” he said.

During the Cold War, the Soviet military developed a technology called supercavitation, which involves enveloping a submerged vessel inside an air bubble to avoid problems caused by water drag.

The supercavitation, torpedo called Shakval was able to reach a speed of 370km or more — much faster than any other conventional torpedoes.

Li said the team of Chinese scientists had found an innovative means to address problems like designing a submerged vessel to travel at high speeds to generate and maintain the air bubble with a rudder placed within it to avoid direct contact with water.

Its application so far limited to unmanned vessels, such as torpedoes, but nearly all of these torpedoes were fired in a straight line because they had limited ability to turn.

Once in the water, the team’s supercavitation vessel would constantly “shower” a special liquid membrane on its own surface.


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