President Hamid Karzai's chief political rival agreed on Wednesday to stand in the Nov 7 run-off election, setting the stage for a high-stakes showdown in the face of Taliban threats and approaching winter snows.
Ex-Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah made his comment to reporters one day after Karzai bowed to intense US and international pressure and accepted findings of a UN-backed panel that there had been massive fraud on his behalf in the Aug. 20 vote. Those findings showed Karzai failed to win the 50 per cent required to avoid a run-off.
Abdullah said he telephoned Karzai to thank him for agreeing to the second round ballot.
"We are completely ready for the second round at the date which has been announced," Abdullah said.
He called on Afghan officials to organize a "free, fair and credible election" with enough security encourage people to turn out and vote.
Abdullah's declaration sets the stage for an election which UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said it will be a "huge challenge" to pull off without repeating the widespread fraud that marred the first-round balloting.
Karzai's capitulation on Tuesday was a relief to American officials and averted a constitutional crisis. But new balloting carries with it the risk of low turnout or another round of wholesale ballot-stuffing and voter intimidation.
That would bring the Obama administration no closer to its goal of a credible, legitimate Afghan government necessary to win public support in the US for the war in Afghanistan and reverse the Taliban rise.
If the election goes relatively well, it's unclear that a second-round win by Karzai, widely considered the favorite, would erase the stain brought on his leadership by widespread fraud in the first balloting Aug. 20.
Holding the poll as the country enters its cold season poses additional challenges, both for transporting ballots and drawing voters. US and Afghan forces also must provide security for the balloting to prevent a repeat of Taliban attacks in August that killed dozens. In some areas, militants cut off the ink-marked fingers of people who had voted.
Karzai announced his decision on Tuesday moments after the government election commission accepted the findings of the auditors that the president fell short of a majority in the August ballot. The Karzai-influenced commission released preliminary results last month that showed the president winning with more than 54 per cent out of a field of 36 candidates.
The president agreed to accept the findings after a day of intensive talks between Karzai and Kerry, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Kerry praised the Afghan leader for "genuine leadership in the decision he has made today." The two men met at least four times before the announcement. ABC-TV reported from Washington that Karzai refused at first to accept the run-off and backed down after a flurry of telephone calls with Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and U.S. special envoy Richard Holbrooke.
Karzai supporters had complained of interference by foreigners, especially those on the UN-backed panel, which investigated and reported the fraud.
Karzai, an ethnic Pashtun, noted that most of the rejected ballots were from his power base in the Pashtun-dominated south, where the Taliban insurgency is strongest. He said those votes were "disrespected" and should be investigated further. In an interview later with The Associated Press, Kerry described the evolution in Karzai's thinking.
"President Karzai really deeply believes he had won the election and ... that the international community was kind of conspiring to push for a different outcome," Kerry said in a telephone interview from Dubai. "He had people within his government, people within the election commission who felt they were being insulted about putting together a faulty election process."
"There were a lot of very deep feelings about Afghanistan's right to run its election, its competency in running it and so forth," Kerry continued.