Questioning the impact of billions of dollars given to Pakistan in aid, an official US report has said the American government has not been able to show any measurable progress in infrastructure projects, humanitarian and social services and development of government capacity in that country.
"It is hard to determine whether many of the programmes are being effectively implemented because USAID (US Agency for International Development), the largest contributor to the assistance programme, has not yet committed to a set of measures to assess success," it said.
In addition, difficulties fully staffing USAID in Pakistan have made monitoring its programmes increasingly challenging, said the report released by Inspectors General for the US Agency for International Development (USAID), Department of State and Department of Defence.
In fiscal year 2010, Congress appropriated USD 1.5 billion for the civilian assistance strategy and since 2009 nearly USD 4 billion has been spent. Funds were intended to be used for high-impact, high-visibility infrastructure projects; humanitarian and social services; and development of government capacity.
Thus far, 76 awards totaling nearly USD 1.4 billion have been provided to Pakistani institutions.
During the quarter ending December 31, 2010, USAID's OIG conducted two audits in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, which noted that security issues and oversight problems have impeded programme progress.
"In addition, investigators uncovered fraud, performance issues and agreement violations committed by one implementing partner that led USAID to both terminate the award and suspend the implementing partner from receiving new US Government awards pending completion of the investigation," the report said.
USAID has not committed to a set of performance indicators to measure the success of its programs as traditionally required for proper project management, it said.