Bahrain sentenced opposition leader Sheikh Ali Salman to four years in jail on Tuesday on charges of inciting unrest, a decision that an opposition group said could stoke more protests in the Sunni Muslim-ruled kingdom.
Salman, 49, is the most senior figure in Shiite opposition to be jailed since anti-government protests erupted in 2011, at the height of the region's "Arab Spring" uprisings. "The Higher Criminal Court sentenced the secretary general of one of Bahrain's political societies to four years imprisonment," advocate general Haroon Al-Zayani was quoted as telling state news agency BNA.
Salman, who was not named in the statement, was convicted on charges of "publicly inciting hatred, an act which disturbed public peace, inciting non-compliance with the law and insulting public institutions."
The al Wefaq Islamic Society headed by Salman, a Shiite cleric, confirmed he had been sentenced.
"The sentence gives a new lease on life to the crisis and gives greater legitimacy to mobilise. The people have no choice but to continue in their peaceful popular movement," it said in a statement on its official website. "People will not return to their homes and will not relent in their demands."
Salman was acquitted of the most serious charge, promoting the overthrow of the political system by force, the advocate general said. Salman has denied the charges and has dismissed the trial as a bid to muzzle dissent.
Bahrain, which hosts the US Fifth Fleet, has experienced sporadic turmoil since mass protests in 2011 led by majority Shiites demanding reforms and a bigger role in government. That uprising was put down with military help from Saudi Arabia.
In Washington, State Department spokesman John Kirby said the United States was deeply concerned that Tuesday's ruling "has the potential to inflame tensions" and that any charges against Salman for engaging in peaceful expression or assembly should be dropped.
Amnesty International called on Bahrain on Monday to free Salman, calling him a "prisoner of conscience" and saying his trial was unfair. The island kingdom says it has made significant political reforms and increased oversight of security forces. Opponents say abuses continue.
With a political accord between the government and opposition remaining elusive, deadly bomb attacks on Bahraini security forces have increased.
In a statement on Monday, the government said "Ali Salman's case relates to criminal charges, specifically incitement of hatred, as well as inciting violence. The charges and subsequent trial are wholly unrelated to any political views he may hold."