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BASIC, Africa ready with joint draft on climate change: Ramesh

world Updated: Dec 14, 2009 12:19 IST

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Disappointed with some of the stiff conditions in the climate change draft treaty, India in close co-ordination with China and several countries including from Africa, have prepared an integrated document emphasising on "equitable access" to atmospheric space for all.

The integrated draft of a potential treaty prepared by the BASIC countries (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) has been merged with another text prepared by the Africa group within the G77, Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh said.

"We have merged the Africa draft and the BASIC draft. We now have a common Africa-Basic draft but we are not unveiling it now," he said.

Ahead of the ministerial-level meeting, Ramesh said that India would not compromise on its three key principles -- no legally binding emission cuts, no peaking year and no international review of domestic-funded mitigation actions.

"India will not compromise on its 'teen-murti'," he said adding that the outcome of the talks must be within the UN Framework on Climate Change, stick to the Kyoto Protocol and abide by the Bali Action Plan.

"Some countries think that we are going to do a new convention. Some countries think we're going to do a new protocol. So we made it absolutely clear that India is here not to renegotiate the three murthi," the minister said.

"I have made it absolutely clear that we're not here to negotiate a new agreement, we have not come here to negotiate a new protocol," he said.

Ramesh said India would not divert from the two track process -- Kyoto Protocol and Long Term Cooperative action. "We are here to facilitate an agreement on 18th of December which will enable the existing two track process. This is not the right time to talk of a new agreement of a new protocol."

In the integrated Africa-BASIC draft, he said both 1.5 degree Celsius and 2 were bracketed (subject to negotiation).

"It's not whether it is 1.5 or 2 that is critical, what is critical is the equitable access to atmospheric space. If that principle is accepted you can have 1.5, you can have 1.8 you can have 2," he said.

The minister noted that India's position that a global goal should be preceded by an equitable formula for sharing of atmospheric space was strongly supported by France.

Ramesh also said that India was not having a major standoff with the United States but the real differences existed between the China and the developed world as well as the between European Union and the United States.

"India is not in the firing line," he said and admitted that India and other emerging economies' stand was different from the 43 countries in the AOSIS.

"We have to deal with them because they have a different point of view. I have been at pains to stress we do not want confrontation we want compromise and consensus," he said.